Accessory Dwelling Unit

See also: Garages

What Is It?

A white woman with orange hair in front of a house next to a smaller accessory dwelling unit.An accessory dwelling unit (ADU) is a separate living space within a house or on the same property as an existing house. These units are not legal unless they have been established through a permit process. A legally permitted unit in the home is called an attached accessory dwelling unit (AADU). A legally permitted unit on the property (but not within the home) is called a detached accessory dwelling unit (DADU) or backyard cottage. Tiny houses, with foundations, are considered DADUs.

Note: Tiny houses on wheels are treated like camper trailers. You cannot live in a tiny house on wheels (or similar equipment such as RVs and boats) on lots in Seattle city limits. If your tiny house has wheels you need to follow parking rules for large vehicles.

Pre-Approved DADU plans

The Office of Planning and Development (OPCD) launched the ADUniverse website in September 2020. The ADUniverse features a gallery of pre-approved DADU designs, a step-by-step guide to the ADU process, and a search tool to identify the feasibility of adding an ADU to your property. Created by local designers and architects, the 10 pre-approved building plans offer a faster, easier, and more predictable permitting process for creating a DADU. In most cases, you can get your permit in just 2-6 weeks. See How To Apply for a Detached Accessory Dwelling Unit Using a Standard Plan for more information about the permitting process.

Seattle's ADU Reform
In July 2019, Mayor Jenny Durkan signed legislation to remove regulatory barriers and make it easier for property owners to create accessory dwelling units (ADUs) in Seattle's single-family zones. The new ADU regulations took effect on August 8, 2019. 

Information about the new legislation is listed below: 

What Permits Do You Need?

Adding within an existing house. You need a construction addition / alteration permit.

Building a detached unit. You need a construction addition / alteration permit.

Legalizing an existing unit. You need a construction permit to establish use.

You may also need to apply for electrical service changes or new services from Seattle City Light.

Research the Code

You can build these separate living spaces in a single-family or lowrise zone, and in some cases in neighborhood or commercial zones. Our codes limit the size and placement of your AADU or DADU.

Requirements for any accessory dwelling units:

  • In SF5000, SF7200, and SF9600 zones, up to two ADUs may be constructed. This can be either two AADUs or one AADU and one DADU. The second unit must meet specific criteria to either 1) meet green building standards or 2) be an affordable unit reserved for income-eligible households. In Residential Small Lots (RSL) and multifamily lowrise zones, only one attached or detached accessory dwelling unit is permitted for each single-family, rowhouse, or townhouse unit. ADUs are not allowed in apartments in lowrise zones, but are allowed in apartments in RSL zones.
  • Parking is not required for ADUs. However, you cannot remove existing required off-street parking space(s) unless replaced elsewhere on the property in a location that is allowed under the code.
  • The property owner is not required to live on the property where an ADU(s) is located.
  • SDCI will report all accessory dwelling unit permits to King County for sewer treatment capacity charges. During your application, you will need to fill out a form acknowleging those capacity charges.

AADU requirements:

  • An AADU is limited to 1,000 square feet in a single-family zone, including RSL, and up to 650 square feet in a lowrise zone
  • The AADU must meet current standards of the Seattle residential, building, mechanical, electrical, energy, land use, environmentally critical areas, and shorelines codes

For more information specific to AADUs see Tip 116A, Establishing an Accessory Dwelling Unit (AADU).

DADU requirements:

  • The minimum lot size required for a DADU is 3,200 square feet in single-family zones
  • A DADU is limited to 1,000 square feet of gross floor area in single-family zones, including RSL, and 650 square feet in a lowrise zone
  • The DADU must meet all the Seattle residential, building, mechanical, electrical, and energy code requirements that apply to single-family dwellings

For more information specific to DADUs see Tip 116B, Establishing a Detached Accessory Dwelling Unit (DADU).

Associated Documents